Toni Grand (b. 1935, Gallargues-le-Montueux, France; d. 2005, Mouriès, France)

An exceptional sculptor of the later half of the 20th century, Toni Grand used mainly elements of wood, stone, bone and fish of the Congridae family to produce image-forms whose easily recognizable features are not the attributes of a signature style, but of authentic imagination.
Grand’s production has been considered a response to American Minimalism and Process Art. If his ingeniousness rivals Carl Andre’s artlessness, his steel sculptures weigh in with Richard Serra, and his experiments with anti-form compare with Robert Morris. Grand manages this sin machismo. For the 1967 Paris Biennial, Grand presented a series of composite works: rectangular cuboids made of steel containing polyester resin moulded into organic forms. These parallelepipeds could be presented on any of their 6 faces– and Grand returned to the exhibition every day to turn each piece over. By definition rejecting the pedestal, he too accomplished what Richard Serra called “the biggest move of the century.”